Over 60,000 overdoses occurred nationwide in 2016, nearly 175 people dying daily. Drug overdoses kill more people annually than suicides, homicides, car accidents and guns. These numbers increase every year.
Massachusetts continues to have one of the highest rates of substance abuse in the country. As of 2016, data reported by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), just over 955,000 Massachusetts residents admitted to using illegal or illicit drugs within the last month.
Illegal or illicit drugs include marijuana, alcohol, cocaine, heroin and other opioids, methamphetamine, designer drugs, synthetic drugs, and prescription misuse.
Massachusetts Statistics For Substance Abuse Treatment
According to data provided by the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) there was a total of 82,942 admissions into drug rehabs in Massachusetts in 2017. Of those who sought treatment in 2017, some 67.8 percent were men and 32.2 percent were women.
Substance abuse treatment in Massachusetts has been restructured in recent years in an attempt to address the opioid crisis that is plaguing the state. This has increased overall access to treatment as well as upgraded the quality of care available for those in need of rehab in Massachusetts.
Massachusetts has refocused attention on treating addiction and measuring the success of the changes made, and the data collected by the Bureau of Substance Addiction Services (BSAS) revealed that rates of substance abuse have decreased for all substances of abuse, except heroin.
Offering medically supervised detox, medically-assisted treatment (MAT) options, substance abuse treatment, aftercare and relapse prevention, Massachusetts substance abuse treatment is working toward helping each individual with long term sobriety.
Massachusetts Opioid Crisis
Massachusetts has repeatedly ranked in the top ten for opioid overdose deaths. In 2018, there were 1,617 confirmed opioid related overdose deaths. This does not include deaths that are suspected to be opioid related, or the cases still under investigation.
The number of opioid related deaths in Massachusetts continues to drop, however the number of opioid overdoses continues to rise. In 2017, there were nearly 20,000 opioid related emergency phone calls made in Massachusetts.
The powerful opioid fentanyl has been linked to the increase in overdoses in Massachusetts. This drug is being illegally made in clandestine labs, and snuck into other drugs like cocaine and heroin, and in some cases, pressed into pill form and sold as a prescription pill.
Officials think the reason for the decrease in death related overdose can be attributed to increased access to naloxone, which reverses opioid effects. Many bystanders have naloxone, and this means that they can administer the reversal quickly, likely saving a life.
In 2017, the BSAS revealed that over half of all drug rehab admissions were due to heroin, and increase of over 15% from 2008 data. About 59 percent of admissions reported previous or current heroin use.
Recent heroin and opioid statistics in Massachusetts include:
- In 2018:
- 81% of opioid related deaths were white
- 4% were Black, non-Hispanic
- 12% were Hispanic
- 1% were Asian
- 2% were other
- Since 2012, admissions for opioid addiction other than heroin, has dropped by half
- In 2017, Massachusetts had a lower opioid prescribing rate than the national average, 40.1 prescriptions per 100 people compared to 58.7 per 100 people
- Admissions for heroin addiction has increased over 15% since 2008, making up for over half of all substance abuse treatment center admissions.
- Massachusetts was ranked number three in the country for fentanyl related overdose deaths in 2016
- In 2016, fentanyl was found alone or combined with other drugs in over 33,000 reports from the DEA National Forensic Laboratory Information Systems (NFLIS)
Other Commonly Abused Drugs In Massachusetts
In Massachusetts, there is a significantly higher substance abuse and addiction problem than national average. In addition to opioids, the following substances are commonly abused in Massachusetts:
- Nearly 33 percent of admissions to rehab in 2017 were due to alcohol abuse and addiction
- Over 52,000 of substance abuse admissions in Massachusetts admitted to abusing alcohol in the months leading up to treatment
- Individuals ages 18-25 have the highest rate of alcohol use in Massachusetts, at over 66 percent
- Nearly 30 percent of people in Massachusetts reported binge drinking within the last month.
Marijuana is legal in Massachusetts for adults over the age of 21, with specific guidelines described by the Cannabis Control Commission (CCC). Although considered legal, there are some individuals struggling with marijuana addiction still seeking treatment.
- Medical marijuana became legal in 2012, and recreationally in 2016.
- Approximately 3.5 percent of all admissions to substance abuse programs in 2017 stated marijuana was the reason for coming to treatment. A decrease of nearly 3 percent in 2008
- Marijuana use among individuals seeking substance abuse treatment for other drugs has held steady at about 25 percent in the same time frame.
- Approximately 4,400 people were admitted to rehab in 2017 to treat cocaine or crack addiction
- Over 32,000 admissions reported recent cocaine use in 2017
- Most cocaine in the United States is from Columbia
- Cocaine is being mixed with fentanyl and being referred to as a new “speedball”, with increasingly fatal results
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Massachusetts Substance Abuse Fatalities, Injuries And Court Information
In 2017, drug overdose deaths totalled 2,168 in Massachusetts. Comparatively, firearms deaths accounted for 262 deaths and 171 died due to homicide.
Just under 9,800 people received drug abuse violations in Massachusetts in 2015. First time drug charges are usually referred to one of the 30 available drug courts.
A total of 8,665 people were charged with driving under the influence (DUI) in Massachusetts in 2017. Over 5,000 people in the state received charges for drunkenness.
Massachusetts Substance Abuse Rehab Resources
BSAS has worked closely with substance abuse treatment agencies in Massachusetts to address the issues with drug and alcohol abuse and addiction in the state. They have developed an action plan that includes prevention, intervention, treatment and aftercare (recovery support).
The Massachusetts Organization for Addiction Recovery (MOAR) is another program that has been instrumental in providing support for those in recovery.
Many substance abuse rehab facilities are available to meet the needs of those struggling with addiction. Our treatment specialists are available to help answer any questions or find a facility that best meets your needs. Reach out to us today and let us help find a treatment program for you or your loved one.
- Bureau of Substance Addiction Services — Geographic Fact Sheet 2017
- Cannabis Control Commission — FAQs Regarding Laws Governing Adult Use Marijuana in Massachusetts
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — Stats of the State of Massachusetts
- Drug Enforcement Administration — 2018 National Drug Threat Assessment
- Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility — Alcohol Statistics State Map
- Massachusetts Department of Public Health — MA Opioid Related EMS Incidents 2013-2018
- Massachusetts Department of Public Health — Data Brief: Opioid Related Overdose Death among Massachusetts Residents
- Massachusetts State Health Assessment — Chapter 6: Addiction
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration — 2015-2016 NSDUH
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration — Treatment Episode Data Set Admissions 2017
- United States Department of Transportation — Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS)